Non-Defining Relative Clauses Combine the sentences using relative clauses CHUYN Conditional sentences relative clauses I. Basic knowledge 1. Conditional sentence Type 1: Example: - If I have money, I will. us. Combine each pair of sentences with a defining or non-defining relative clause. Use commas when necessary. 1. His latest album is amazing.Photocopiable B Burlington Books. Relative Clauses Answers. Another name for the restrictive relative clause is the defining clause.Without the restrictive/defining clause, the sentence might just not make sense. Restrictive/ defining clauses make the noun attached to them more meaningful. Defining Relative Clauses. "This is the man who I love" "This is the man I love". Look at the example above.Now look at the sentences below. If you think the sentence needs the word who/which, click yes. Relative clauses may be of two kinds: limiting (or defining) and descriptive (or non- defining).The limiting clause is placed immediately after the noun, which it describes, and is not separated from the rest of the sentence by comma They are not essential in the sentence and can be omitted without causing confusion. They are separated from their noun by commas. The pronoun can never be omitted in a non- defining relative clause.
These examples use defining relative clauses they define the noun by telling us who or which noun it is specifically (in these cases, defining her as one particular girl, or defining the pen as one particular pen). If you remove the defining relative clause from the sentence Non-defining relative clauses give additional, not essential information on something or someone, but do not define it.Join the sentences with a non-defining clause. 1.
Rose Lynley is going to be the new boss. We met her last week. A relative clause is one thats connected to the main clause of the sentence by a word such as who, whom, which, that, or whose. For exampleThere are two types of relative clause: restrictive (or defining) relative clauses and non-restrictive (or non-defining) relative clauses. The relative clause in the first sentence is crucial to identifying which of my sisters I am talking about the one in London, not the one in Manchester this is called a defining relative clause because it singles out one thing of many. Without commas, the relative clause becomes a defining clause, and the sentence now implies that cars from the end of the 19th century are a vital part of modern life, which is clearly not the case. The defining relative clauses follow after the relative pronouns who, which, that, whose and whom.(This sentence does not make any sense.) Relative pronouns with prepositions We use the relative pronouns with prepositions as follows. The sentence in italics should become the relative clause. The relative pronoun is the subject of the relative clause. 1. She worked for a man.We see the child often. Defining Relative Clauses Exercise. Make one sentence from the two short ones. Defining relative clauses. Look at this sentencewho lives next door is a defining relative clause. It tells us which woman we are talking about. Look at some more examples Non-defining relative clauses. Relative clauses add extra information to a sentence by defining a noun. They are usually divided into two types - defining relative clauses and non-defining relative clauses. There are two types of relative clauses in English: those that add extra information (non- defining relative clauses) and those that modify (or define) the subject of the sentence (defining relative clauses). Defining relative clauses specify a noun or pronoun in the main clause and are necessary if we want to understand the meaning of a sentence. I saw the girl who was outside our house. They wanted the picture that cost two pounds. Defining relative clauses. Relative pronouns: which, who (whom), whose, that Relative adverbs: when, where, why.Join the sentences using who, that, whose She lives in a big house. Relative clauses can be used to join two sentences together, or to identify people and things and give more information about them.2.1. Defining clauses (Restrictive clauses). A defining relative clause tells which noun we are talking about. A defining (restrictive) clause is one that is essential to the sense of the sentence.Tip: Note that defining (restrictive) and non-defining (non-restrictive) clauses must be introduced by the appropriate relative pronoun (who, which, that, whose). We can use relative clauses to join two English sentences, or to give more information about something.Defining and Non-defining. A defining relative clause tells which noun we are talking about Defining / restrictive relative clauses 1. A clause is a part of a sentence. A defining relative clause tells us which person or thing (or what kind of person or thing) the speaker means. Defining or non-defining? When the relative clause is necessary to understand the sentence completely These give us essential information about the preceding noun. In these clauses: There are no commas. A relative clause combines two sentences, the second sentence describing a noun in the first sentence. A relative pronoun (e.g. who, that) is used to replace the noun.A defining relative clause is one which identifies a noun. Non-defining relative clauses, sentential relative clauses and connective relative clauses.Sometimes the same sentence can have different meanings depending on whether the relative clause is defining or non-defining. Relative clauses exercises (intermediate -). www.vivquarry.com. Join the following sentences to make one sentence using a relative pronoun when necessary.3. Join each pair of sentences with a defining relative clause.
Omit the pronoun where possible. Defining relative clauses add ESSENTIAL information to the sentence. You can see if a relative clause is defining or non-defining by removing it from the sentence.Example of a sentence with a NON-DEFINING relative clause 3. Relative clauses: a. Defining relative clauses.Exercises. (defining non-defining relative clauses). Exercise 1: Complete the sentences with relative pronouns or relative adverbs They are not essential in the sentence and can be omitted without causing confusion. They are separated from their noun by commas. The pronoun can never be omitted in a non- defining relative clause. Form In non-defining relative clauses we put a comma before and after the main clause.1 Combine the sentences. Use who, which, whose, where or when. Ivan is very good-looking. Defining relative sentences. Have a look at these examples: I talked to the man who gave you the present.We can also use "That" instead of who or which in defining relative clauses. It is more informal. The relative clause is an essential of the whole definition, and cannot be omitted if the sentence as a whole is to make useful sense. Similarly, it would be impossible to answer the following question without the defining relative clause in italics Defining relative clauses are composed of a relative pronoun (sometimes omitted), a verb, and optional other elements such as the subject or object of the verb. Commas are not used to separate defining relative clauses from the rest of the sentence. Defining or non-defining? Remember that defining relative clauses are used to add important information. The sentence would have a different meaning without the defining relative clause. The sentences containing defining relative clauses are numbers: 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10 and 11. In these sentences the extra information is essential information, as it answers the question: "Which one(s)?" Defining/Non-defining Relative Clauses, Opinions. Students are supposed to work in groups of 3-4 and complete the task. The task includes sentences like We like. I wouldnt prefer. Politicians are people". 1. Defining relative clauses (also called restricting relative clauses or identifying relative clauses).A defining relative clause is one in which the clause is required for the understanding / grammar of the sentence. Remember that defining relative clauses are used to add important information. The sentence would have a different meaning without the defining relative clause.The first sentence with a defining relative clause tells us which skirt. - Ss will be able to make sentences using defining relative clauses. Underline the words who, whose, where, and which in the text. 5 NON-DEFINING RELATIVE SENTENCES Non-defining relative clauses tell us some extra information about the things or people they refer to: The next painting shows Edmunds wife Margaret, who he married in 1605. If we remove the words who he married in 1605 We use relative clauses when we want to supply additional information without having to start a whole new sentence. In English, there are two types of relative clauses: defining clauses (used without commas) and non- defining clauses (which are set off by commas). In defining relative clauses we often use that instead of who, whom or which. This is very common in informal speaking: Theyre the people that want to buy our house.Words, sentences and clauses. No questions Relative clauses Relative Clauses: Defining Relative Clauses: Non- defining Relative clauses: Relative adverbs Relative clauses: WHAT orThe students have to complete sentences with relative pronouns. in the second exercise, they have to join two sentences using a relative Our students can practise relative clauses -defining and non-defining- with this exercise. Enjoy it!B.- join these sentences using relative pronouns beginning with the words given. Defining relative clauses are often used in definitions.Object pronouns in defining relative clauses can be dropped. (Sentences with a relative clause without the relative pronoun are called Contact Clauses.) If we remove the relative clause, we are left with My friend loves surfing., This a grammatically complete sentence. NOTE: In non-defining relative clauses, we CANNOT change the question word for that. Defining relative clauses relate to known facts in order to explain something new. Contact clauses are common in spoken English.is 95 years old, has worked all his life. The yellow sentence is the main clause. Note 1: Relative clauses which give extra information, as in the example sentences above, must be separated off by commas. Note 2: The relative pronoun that cannot be used to introduce an extra-information (non- defining) clause about a person. Non- restrictive (non-identifying or non- defining) relative clauses give interesting additional information which is not necessary to the meaning of the sentence. These clauses are put between commas. NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES (between commas). NOMINAL CLAUSES: WHAT and ALL.1.- join these sentences using relative pronouns beginning with the words given.